SAN ANTONIO-AUSTIN TEXAS-BRICK BLOCK-MASONS-CONTRACTORS

BRICK MASONS, BLOCK MASONS, STONE BRICK BLOCK LAYERS MASONS REPAIR FOUNDATIONS WALLS:

We do all types of custom masonry construction.- chimneys, brick block-Repair Remodels We also do remodels, upgrades Design Work We also offer limited design work for your masonry projects. Restoration Work New to historical. Mason, Brick,  Mason, Masonry Repair

 

TYPES OF BRICKS

TYPES OF BRICKS Brick masonry units may be solid, hollow, or architectural terra cotta. All types can serve a struc- tural function, a decorative function, or a combination of both. The various types differ in their formation and composition. Building brick, also called common, hard, or kiln-run brick, is made from ordinary clay or shale and is fired in kilns. These bricks have no special shoring, markings, surface texture, or color. Because building bricks are generally used as the backing courses in either solid or cavity brick walls, the harder and more durable types are preferred. Face brick is better quality and has better durability and appearance than building brick. Because of this, face bricks are used in exposed wall faces. The most common face brick colors are various shades of brown, red, gray, yellow, and white. Clinker brick is over burned in the kiln. Clinker bricks are usually rough, hard, durable, and sometimes irregular in shape. Pressed brick is made by a dry-press process rather than by kiln firing. Pressed bricks have regular smooth faces, sharp edges, and perfectly square corners. Ordinarily, they are used like face brick. Glazed brick has one surface coated with a white or colored ceramic glazing. The glazing forms when mineral ingredients fuse together in a glass like coating during burning. Glazed bricks are particularly Figure 8-31.-Common cut brick shapes. 8-25

 

No conversation about building materials would be complete without including brick in the discussion. Brick has been around since water first met dirt. Archeological evidence shows that brick has been used in building for thousands of years

Brick has been used in building for thousands of years.
 

Since ancient times, the product has improved considerably as clay was added for durability and heat was applied to improve hardness. While improved materials such as silica and ceramics have been added, the modern versions of brick are still modified recipes of sand, water, clay and heat. Brick's hardiness is proven by the fact that brick is one of the few building materials that is routinely salvaged and re-used.

In addition to longevity, brick offers good insulation and weatherproofing. It requires no paint, so it does not fade. Sound good so far? There's more. If you think that building with brick lacks imagination, think again. You are not limited to red blocks 8" long 4" wide by 2 1/2" tall (the "standard" size). There are various colors and shapes for the design application desired.

Structural bricks are for construction.
Pavers come in various shapes and sizes.
  • Building brick — Structural bricks are for construction. The holes are there to save material and reduce weight.
  • Face brick — The solid ones that show. They are available in various colors, sizes and shapes.
  • Firebrick — Heat resistant; made especially for fireplace or heat-sensitive construction.
  • Pavers — For sidewalks, patios, and edging.
  • Antique or tumbled brick — For instantly achieving the impression of antiquity.

There are three grades of brick to choose from:

  • Grade SW — Severe Weathering - able to experience freeze and thaw cycles.
  • Grade MW — Moderate Weathering - tolerance to frost and freezing. Used for outdoor walls.
  • No Weathering — for indoor use only.

                                

                                                                                                Buying Brick

  • Plan on 5 bricks per square foot in a paving project. Plan on 7 per square foot for a wall. The difference is due to the size of the bricks, the pattern used and the grout or      mortar thickness.
  • There are 516 brick on a pallet.
  • There are 896 pavers on a pallet.
  • Unless you are experienced at cutting brick, buy some extras to allow for mistakes or call us.
  • Always use the correct mortar mix for the project                                                                         .                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                    

BTW, did you know that mortar is available in different strengths? Type M is the strongest and is not generally used to lay bricks on vertical surfaces. Type S is normally used for exterior brick veneer. Type N is generally used inside, particularly where freezing temperatures occur. Type O and Type K are seldom used any more but when they are, you may find them being used with old bricks since they allow some movement in the wall to help minimize cracking of softer brick.

Here is an easy way to remember the types of mortar, in order of strength from left to right:

 

M a S o N     w O r K
Note: Mortar should be protected from freezing for at least 48 hours after construction. If your project involves laying brick or block during cold weather,
 

Joints and Courses

Bond A bond is the patterned arrangement of brick or stone in a wall. The brick must be lapped upon one another, to prevent vertical joints from falling over each other.

Mortar  Mortar is a pasty building material composed of sand, lime and cement mixed with water. This mixture gradually hardens when exposed to the air. Mortar is used as a joining medium in brick and stone construction.

Joint  A joint is the mortar bond placed between individual masonry units such as brick, block or stone.

 

Wall Laid in English Bond,

When a brick is laid down the mason must decide which side of the brick will face outside towards the viewer. Will the brick be set flat or will it stand up? Will the wide side or the narrow side face out? The following are terms which describe how the brick is set. Is it vertical or horizontal? Does it show the long or or the short side? Does it show the narrow or the wide side?  Is it laid down on the narrow edge or the wide edge?

                           

             Custom Fireplace 

 

Course Setting

Course Setting a course means to arrange in a row.  A row of bricks, when laid in a wall, is called a course. It is a continuous level range or row of brick or masonry throughout the face or faces of a building. Each horizontal layer of brick in a masonry structure is called a course. Brick laid flat and perpendicular to the face of the wall are called headers. A header course consists entirely of headers (horizontal, short, narrow side laid on wide edge).

Rowlock   Occasionally a special type of course is used for either structural or decorative purposes. The rowlock or rolok is similar to the header course except that the brick are laid on narrow or face edge. This type of course is often used as the top course or cap of garden walls and as window and door sills (horizontal, short, narrow side laid on narrow edge).

Stretcher Brick laid flat with the long face parallel to the wall are called a stretchers. When all the brick in the course are laid in this manner, it is called a stretcher course. (horizontal, long, narrow)

Soldier A soldier course is one in which brick are laid standing on end with the narrow edge facing out. This type of course is sometimes used for decorative effects over door and window openings and in fireplace facings (vertical, long, narrow).

Sailor  A sailor course is similar to the soldier course but with the wide edge facing out. It is used for decorative effects (vertical, long, wide).

The width of a masonry structure can be measured by stretchers and joints. The height of a masonry structure can be measured by courses and joints.

Please click small arrows to side of thumbnails for more photos

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STONE-MASONRY

STONE MASONRY1

STONE MASONRY2

STONE MASONRY3

STONE MASONRY4

BRICK-MASONRY

BRICK WORK AND REPAIR

Indoor Brick Stone Fireplaces

Indoor Stone Brick Fireplaces1

Indoor Stone Brick Fireplaces2

Indoor Stone Brick Fireplaces3

Indoor Stone Brick Fireplaces4

Cultured Stone Installation

Cultured Stone1

Cultured Stone Fireplaces Walls

                      

"Q. How do you offer so many service's ?  A. We are a company of Contractors-Tradesmen & Designers," Designer Properties helps local contractors survive

By JIM LUFKIN — The Sentinel Posted: 09/16/2009 07:20:14 PM -

Local contractors are banding together to survive the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression. Their organization, Designer Properties, gives homeowners a way to find reliable local trades people for Home improvement projects…..

Designer Properties is your entry into our local contractor referral network. We are local builders, trades people as well as building and home improvement suppliers who have worked together for many years. Many of us know each other; we have worked together, referred work to each other, and called on each other for help with projects over the years.  We are local and want to build our community.

Most of us work by referral and only advertise here. You don’t build up a strong referral base for your business overnight.  It takes a solid track record over a long period of time to earn the trust of customers.  We all know our reputation depends upon the quality and cost of our work.

Our local members offer their community a full spectrum of services. Just click on any one of the categories listed in the columns, and you will find info and photos of projects. To contact a contractor/tradesmen to assist you in meeting your building needs fill out our contact form.  If you can’t find what you’re looking for please contact us via the Contact Us page.

Designer Properties is your local high-value referral network for all your construction and home improvement needs. LET’S KEEP IT LOCAL!

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Thank you for visiting Designer Properties. Here you can learn more about us in the comfort of your home/office. It should give you enough insight on why we are one of the busiest companies in the area. We are a Full Site Development company. Designer Properties and Associates is one of the few companies in this business run as a team of expert Contractors and Master Tradesman. Our contractors and Tradesman work independently, Under their own contracts have their own license and insurance and responsible for their area of expertise. We are a company that emphasizes a team solutions approach. "Designer Properties boasts a unique, close-knit team of experts in all facets of construction development" we provide
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Introduction to San Antonio-Austin, Texas

One of Texas' most famous cities is the City of San Antonio-Austin. Located in the south-central part of the state, San Antonio-Austin is Texas' second-largest city and serves as an economic and cultural gateway to the American Southwest. The city lies about 140 miles northwest of Corpus Christi on the Gulf of Mexico and 150 miles northeast of the city of Laredo on the Mexican border. Several major freeways service the city, including Interstates I-10, I-35, I-37, and I-410; U.S. Routes 87, 90, and 281; and Texas State Highways 16 and 151.

Named for Saint Anthony of Padua, on whose feast day (June 13) a Spanish expedition explored the area in 1691, the San Antonio-Austin River was the principal tributary which spawned the founding of its namesake village in 1718. The site, on the river's west bank, was initially a stopping place on the Texas wilderness trail leading to French trading posts in Louisiana. By 1731 the town was known as San Antonio-Austin de Béxar, which in 1773 became the capital of Spanish Texas. During the Texas Revolution, San Antonio-Austin was the site of several battles, including the battle of the Alamo in 1836, in which 189 defenders held the old Alamo mission for 13 days against some 4,000 Mexican troops. Although the defenders were ultimately killed, the memorable phrase "Remember the Alamo" became forever known as the rallying cry of the Texas Revolution against Mexico. After the Civil War, San Antonio-Austin prospered as a cattle industry hub and military center serving the border region and the Southwest. During the twentieth century, San Antonio-Austin became an important military center for the Army and Air Force through both world wars; a distinction which it has retained to this day. San Antonio-Austin is the current home of Fort Sam Houston, Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base, and Brooks City-Base, with Camp Stanley and Camp Bullis located just outside the city limits